Sunday, January 8, 2017


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Hi. I`m Carl Azuz for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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We`re start today with a major update on a
story you heard earlier this week, the crash

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of Germanwings Flight 9525, a passenger plane
in in the

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French Alps.

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The most plausible, likely interpretation,
in our view, is that the co-pilot,

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through deliberate abstention, refused to
open the cockpit door to the chief pilot and

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used the button which controls loss of altitude.
In the

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last eight minutes, this aircraft went from
maybe 10,000, 12,000 meters or 30,000 feet

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to virtually 2,000 meters. So he used this
button for -- to

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lose altitude for reasons that are totally
unknown at the moment but which could be analyzed

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as a deliberate attempt to destroy the aircraft.

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How did officials reach that conclusion?

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They got information from a flight data recorder.
The plane had two of them. One was found.

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Investigators are still searching for the
other.

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All 150 people aboard were killed, among them,
a group of students. Friends and mourners

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at schools across the region gathered to remember
them

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and share a moment of silence in their honor.
Families all over the world are grieving.

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As you heard a moment ago, investigators have
no idea why co-pilot Andreas Lubitz allegedly

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locked the pilot out of the cockpit and then
crashed the

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plane.

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The mechanism that locks the cockpit door
is designed to be used by pilots only and

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intended for everyone`s security.

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I`m in an A320 simulator. This is an exact
replica of the modern cockpit of the 320.

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I`m with Bugs Forsythe.

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You`re a retired military pilot, flew commercially
for nearly 30 years.

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We`re flying at 38,000 feet.

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Tell me about the cockpit door.

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Very quickly, it`s right here. Either pilot,
left or right, co-pilot or captain, can touch

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it. It`s in

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the armed -- excuse me -- the normal position.
This is spring-loaded. If I want to unlock

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it, I unlock it and that unlocks the door,
they can come

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in. But it`s spring-loaded back to normal.

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In the norm position, the door cannot be opened
by the regular knob. You have to have either

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a keypad to open it or I have to unlock it.

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The only way the pilot or the co-pilot cannot
get in, then, in a modern plane with a keypad,

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is by someone purposefully locking them out.

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Holding it -- and holding it in the locked
position.

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It is so difficult to try to get my head wrapped
around this that we have the procedures in

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place.

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Of course, with the events of September 11th,
we need to ensure the cockpit is secure at

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all times during flight, ensuring that the
pilots are the only

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ones that have access to the cockpit and have
the ability to secure that cockpit is a requirement

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for security.

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This definitely changes the calculus and some
really big thought is going to be needed to

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put into this situation to ensure safety in
the future.

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Next story this Friday, the Middle Eastern
nation of Yemen is on the brink of civil war.

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Houthi rebels, who, for years were at odds
with the

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Yemeni government, captured parts of Yemen`s
second largest city on Wednesday. They`d already

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taken the capital.

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Yemen`s president left the country and on
Thursday, war planes from Saudi Arabia, with

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support from other countries in the region,
launched

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airstrikes in Yemen.

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Saudi Arabia is threatening to send in ground
troops. Egyptian forces may join them.

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Why?

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Well, for one, they support Yemen`s president
and several Middle Eastern countries, including

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Saudi Arabia and Egypt, are mostly Sunni Muslim.
The

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Houthi rebels in Yemen are Shiite Muslim,
a different branch of Islam.

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The Sunni nations don`t want another Shiite-dominated
country like Iran in the Middle East.

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The Houthis and officials from Iran spoke
out against the Saudi-led airstrikes. Iran

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says it won`t help a region already facing
threats from

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terrorist groups.

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The failing state of Yemen, the head toward
a civil war in Yemen right now gives al Qaeda

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and ISIS a growing

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opportunity to do exactly what they`ve done
in Syria.

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A Breeding Ground for Terrorism

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Al Qaeda`s roots in Yemen go back almost to
the founding of al Qaeda. The attack on the

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USS Cole in the year 2000 shows just how deep
and

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strong those roots are.

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Long before Syria became attractive for young
wannabe jihadists to be drawn toward, Yemen

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was a place where they could go and get training.
It was a

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place where a lot of people were attracted
to go and get religious education.

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Yemen has become a breeding ground for al
Qaeda because the country does not have a

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strong central government. It`s been slipping
in that direction

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for a number of years.

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Al Qaeda has strong tribal alliances. It`s
been able to use that as leverage to control

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areas within the country. They`ve been a strong

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attraction for Saudi Al Qaeda members, as
well.

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We`ve seen the United States and the British
government both pull out their Special Forces

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from the country, which means al Qaeda and
ISIS have an even

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greater and freer hand to train and to operate
there.

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We`ve seen the collapse, effectively, of the
power of the central government. That also

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means that al Qaeda gets a greater opportunity
to --

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to dominate their areas and keep themselves
and their operatives safe.

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Roll Call

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Wyoming is the least populated state in America.
Vermont is second least populated, but it`s

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still home to Milton Middle School. The Yellow

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Jackets are watching today from the town of
Milton.

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To The Mountain State. That`s West Virginia.
That`s where we found Buckhannon-Upshur High

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School. The Pirates are in Buckhannon.

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And on the West Coast, in The Evergreen State
of Washington, it`s the Sea Hawks on CNN STUDENT

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NEWS. They`re at Peninsula High School in
Purdy.

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You`ve probably that car crashes are the leading
cause of death for U.S. teenagers. The AAA

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Foundation for Traffic Safety has a new report
out on

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distracted driving. The group says it`s worse
than previously thought.

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AAA looked at 1,700 dash cam videos showing
teenage drivers right before and after an

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accident. It found that distracted driving
factored into 58

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percent, almost six out of 10 crashes that
were either moderate or severe.

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The U.S. government had estimated that distracted
driving factored into 14 percent of such accidents.

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In the AAA report, the most common type of
distraction was other passengers. The second

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most common, cell phones. AAA wants states
to pass

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new laws restricting passengers and further
restricting cell phone use for teenage drivers.

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Before We Go

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Newt -- it`s not just fun to say. A newt is
a type of salamander with a long body and

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short legs. They like to hang out in ponds
and an

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ancient type of newt discovered in Portugal
was no exception.

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Its fossils were found in what`s believed
to be an ancient lake. But scientists say

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there`s one key difference between modern
newts and the old

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ones -- they used to be huge.

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`Killer Newt` Fossils Found

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A team of paleontologists has discovered fossils
in Portugal it says represent a newly discovered

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species of amphibian.

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The animals discovered here are very impressive
because they were giant salamanders of around

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three meters

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in length.

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Metoposaurus Algarvensis

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Paleontologist Steve Brusatte described the
animal to the BBC.

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The super salamander `killer newt` nickname
really nails it.

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The amphibian was two to three meters long,
the size of a small car

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Paleontologists believe it behaved like a
crocodile. Brusatte says the amphibian`s head

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"kind of looks like a toilet seat."

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And the Triassic was a very interesting and
important period of time. This was when dinosaurs

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originated, as well as many other groups,

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like mammals and turtles and crocodiles.

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These big, enormous amphibians were the types
of things that the very earliest dinosaurs

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and also the very earliest mammals had to
put up with.

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Well, they say you learn something newt every
day. What`s hard to say is whether they salamameandered

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their way onto dinner plates.

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Would that have been considered newtritious?

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Would they have tasted like Fig Newtons?

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There are a lot of questions to digest here,
a lot on scientists` plates. We`ll let them

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dig into those details and see you on the
other side of the

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weekend.

CNN Student News - January 8, 2017 - English Sub

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