Wednesday, January 25, 2017


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First story on CNN 10 today: executive actions
from the White House concerning a pair of

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controversial oil pipelines.

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We’re explaining it all starting with a
look at the Dakota Access Pipeline.

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It’s a $3.7 billion project that would join
oil rich areas of North Dakota to Illinois,

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where it can then be distributed to other
parts of America.

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Under the Obama administration, the U.S. Army
Corps of Engineers approved the plan to build

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it last summer.

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But the Standing Rock Sioux, a Native American
tribe whose reservation is near a pipeline

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construction site sued the government.

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They said that the

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pipelines being built on sacred ground, that
it would destroy Native American burial sites

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and that if it ruptures underneath Lake Oahe,
where part of the pipe would run, it could

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contaminate the tribe’s water supply.

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Thousands of activists joined the Standing
Rock Sioux in protest and late last year,

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the Obama administration reversed its decision
and said it would

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not allow construction under Lake Oahe.

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Supporters of the project say it’s safe,
that its construction would create thousands

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of jobs and that those whose land is affected
already agreed to

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allow construction.

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The company building the pipeline called the
Obama administration’s reversal politically

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motivated.

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Now, the Standing Rock

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Sioux is calling a Trump administration decision
politically motivated.

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Yesterday, U.S. President Donald Trump signed
an executive action to move the Dakota Access

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Pipeline forward.

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The tribe said it was unfairly

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rerouted toward their land without their consent.

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The White House says the pipeline is good
for jobs, growth and energy.

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You’ll notice some similarities between
this controversy and one over another pipeline,

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the Keystone XL Pipeline.

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President Trump signed an

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action yesterday to advance that one as well.

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The Keystone XL pipeline extension would stretch
about 1,200 miles, most of it in the United

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States, from Alberta, Canada down to Nebraska.

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There are lots of pipelines out there, some
of which would connect with this.

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So, why all the fuss about this extension?

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First of all, the environment.

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Opponents say that they fear that this will
spoil the landscape.

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If there is a spill, that it could contaminate
ground

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water, hurt humans and animals.

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And they say this is dirty oil, a type of
oil that when it’s burned, produces more

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greenhouse gases.

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Supporters say the company that wants this,
TransCanada, has already promised much more

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robust safety measures, that rail shipments
are rising

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already to bring this oil in and the rail
shipments are riskier than the pipeline would

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be.

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The second issue, jobs.

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Supporters like to cite a study that says
somewhere around 42,000 jobs or more would

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benefit from this pipeline.

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That includes not only the people who work
on it, but people in restaurants and hotels

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and supply houses.

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But opponents say that’s all temporary.

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That’s for one or two years while this thing
is built.

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In the end, there may be only 50 permanent
jobs coming out of this.

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So, that raises the real question, why would
you want to build this thing at all?

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It’s only 36 inches across.

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Does it really make a difference?

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Supporters say yes, it does.

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It means about 830,000 barrels of oil a day
coming into the United States from a secure

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ally, reducing our dependence

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on overseas oil from places like Venezuela
or the Middle East.

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Whereas opponents say, look, it is just not
worth it.

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For all those various reasons they’ve already
cited, even as supporters continue to say,

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look, it’s time, after all this debate,
to dig the trenches and to get this pipe into

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the ground.

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The one thing you need to know is that an
executive action is not as broad or as long-lasting

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as a law.

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An executive order and an executive action
in many ways, there’s already a difference.

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So, an executive order is a statement of policy
by the president of the United States.

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It’s a message to government departments
about exactly how

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a law should be implemented and the rules
under which the policy of the administration

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will be followed.

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Presidents use it especially when they

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can’t get laws passed through Congress.

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A law is clearly the preferable way for presidents
to go because it lasts longer and it’s more

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difficult to overturn.

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President Obama’s executive orders are now
very vulnerable to the pen of Donald Trump,

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just as the executive orders that Trump is
now signing could

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be overturned by the next president.

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Ten-second trivia.

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What continent is largest in terms of land
area and population?

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Asia, Africa, North America or South America?

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Whether you’re talking about population
size or size in square miles, no continent

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comes close to Asia.

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So many of us are guilty of this: we get a
new phone or a computer, microwave or TV and

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we toss out the old one.

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That’s where this problem

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begins and it’s building in Asia.

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A United Nations University study says more
than 12 million tons of electronic waste were

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thrashed in Asia between 2010 and 2015.

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There are

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several reasons why: one, there are more types
of electronics people can buy.

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Two, there are more people in Asia who can
afford to buy them.

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And

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three, the electronics being made don’t
tend to last long, so there’s more need

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for replacements.

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Recycling can help, but an investigation by
an environmental group found that even recycled

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electronics from the U.S. sometimes found
their way to

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landfills in Asia.

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So, what happens to it when it gets there?

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Did you ever wonder what happens to your old
computer or TV When you throw it away?

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Chances are, some of your electronic junk
ends up here in China, the world’s biggest

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dumping ground for electronic wastes.

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Electronic waste or e-waste arrives by the
truckload to a southeastern Chinese town called

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Guiyu where locals are experts at ripping
apart electronic trash.

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There are e-waste disposal businesses here
on nearly every street.

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And in mom-and-pop operations like this, workers
rip apart the appliances and pull out the

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most valuable elements and components for

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resale to future manufacturers.

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They worked fast identifying and sorting plastic
with the help of a flame.

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The women here tell us all the trash is foreign,
even though Chinese law bans the import of

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electronic waste.

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The most valuable electronic guts like circuit
boards are separated and the rest treated

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like some giant plastic harvest.

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Workers take piles of

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plastic chips and mix them into what looks
like a synthetic stew.

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Guiyu be one of the world’s largest informal
recycling operations through e-waste, but

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it is dirty, dangerous work.

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UNIDENTIFIED MALE: When recycling is done
in primitive ways like what we have seen here

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in China with the electronic waste, it -- it
is hugely

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devastating for the local environment.

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Greenpeace says the water and air in Guiyu
is terribly polluted.

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I am walking on flat screams these come from
laptops or from computer monitors or, or video

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TV screens and they can contain a highly

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toxic chemical, mercury, and you can see how
those chemicals could then seep into the environment

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and even into the food supply of nearby livestock.

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But talk to someone who doesn’t rely on
e-waste to make a living and you get a very

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different story.

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Do you guys drink the water here?

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These migrant farmers say they don’t dare
drink the water and one of them has a shocking

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admission.

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It may not sound nice, but we refuse to eat
this rice that we plant because of all the

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pollution.

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We don’t know who ends up eating this rice.

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Workers here complain their business has been
hurt by a crackdown on e-garbage smuggled

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in from the US, Europe, and other Asian countries,

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but as Chinese consumers become more wealthy,
the country is increasingly generating its

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own e-waste.

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That puts new pressure on China as well as
the

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rest of the world to figure out a cleaner,
safer way to dispose of all this electronic

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junk.

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Ivan Watson, CNN, Guiyu, China.

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Earning a perfect "10 Out of 10", this firefighter.

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He is using a sweet water jet pack to meet
a simulated bridge fire face to face.

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And

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then he’s got plenty of water to put it
out.

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This is a part of a firefighting system in
Dubai, United Arab Emirates.

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It’s reportedly seen

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an increase of buyers in recent years, but
now, thanks in part to this, any blaze on

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a boat, bridge or coastal building now has
a new enemy.

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Why?

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Because he’s jet packing a hose lot of anti-inflammatory
that could engulf and water-down any nearby

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flare up to beat the heat.

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I’m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

CNN Student News - January 25, 2017 - English Sub

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