Monday, January 16, 2017


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One day after the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday
in the U.S., CNN 10 is kicking off a new week

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of news coverage.

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I’m Carl

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Azuz.

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Thank you for watching.

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For many people in America, yesterday was
a day off school or work.

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The holiday became official on the third Monday
of January in 1986, after President Ronald

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Reagan had signed it into law more than two
years earlier.

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But in recent years, the U.S. government has
pushed for the Martin Luther King Jr. holiday

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to be recognized not as a "day off" but as
"day on", a day

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of service.

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The Corporation for National and Community
Service quotes Dr. King’s statement that

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life’s most persistent and urgent question
is, what are you doing for others?

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So, that theme joins the memory of Dr. King’s
impact on the U.S. civil rights movement.

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Dr. King’s legacy of nonviolent protesting
lives on.

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To get a better understanding, I took a trip
to Atlanta’s Center for Civil and Human

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Rights.

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The center’s LaTasha Smith provided the
history lesson.

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So, in the 1950s, you also had the death of
Emmett Till and how that really sparked the

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civil

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rights movement, because people were outraged
that this young black boy was killed for allegations

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that were untrue and false, and his murder
being so unjust and so brutal at the time.

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Till’s death pushed King and others to develop
more unified strategies of protest.

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That included the bus boycotts and the lunch

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counter sit-ins across the south.

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So, we have the Greensboro sit-in at the Woolworth
lunch counter and that’s in the 1960s where

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student at North Carolina A&T sat down at

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white-only counters to protest the segregation
that was taking place there.

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Sit-ins like these were conducted by college
students.

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They endured racial slurs and physical violence
just for the right to sit at the whites only

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counters.

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The sit-in movement was a precursor to the
March on Washington.

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The march inspired many with its peaceful
show of solidarity and amazing speeches.

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But its leaders wanted more.

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What was the strategy behind it?

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What were they fighting for?

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What specifically did they want?

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So, March on Washington was all about jobs
and freedom and equality.

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What a lot of people don’t know is that
there were a set of 10

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demands that were created and were drafted
--

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Here they are.

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-- that were -- that the protesters wanted
to achieve.

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Though much has been accomplished since the
march, at the time, opposition to change persisted,

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and so did violence.

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The Birmingham church bombing, Bloody Sunday,
and the murder of the movement’s leader

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set the country on fire.

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The nation of China is reportedly planning
to spend more than $2.5 billion this year

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to fight air pollution in its capital city,
Beijing.

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Last month, it was under a red alert -- China’s
strongest warning about air pollution.

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To reduce it, the Chinese government is planning
to remove

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thousands of older higher polluting cars from
the road, to reduce the emissions from factories

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and to replace coal with clean energy.

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There are steps that people who live in Beijing
can take to clean the air at home, but in

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a city where the average salary is under $17,000
per year,

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this won’t be an option for most people.

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Before I come to Beijing, I would never imagine
that my routine were so close to carefully

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measure the pollution

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around every corner of the house.

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To proof the place for pollution, there’s
a few things considered, the level of PM2.5,

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to make sure the level

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is low.

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But on the other side, if you seal very well
your house, levels of CO2 will start to go

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really, really high.

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This actually quite an expensive system.

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So, the airflow being brought in is actually
quite large.

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Fresh air is taking from air, it goes

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into the pipes, into every single room.

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So, you got one pipe going here, we got the
other pipes going there to serve single room

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into this

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apartment.

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But you still need to have this kind of standalone
equipment, air purifying machines, usually

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one a room in order to really make sure to

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find a nice -- the cleaning of the air.

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From the moment you open your eyes and to
the moment to, you know, you rest in the evening,

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every corner, you have to pay really attention
and

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to the air, to the water, to the food you
eat.

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It’s like there’s alarm constantly ringing,
you know?

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Ten-second trivia:

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How much of the Earth’s surface is covered
by oceans?

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Thirty-five percent, 56 percent, 71 percent,
or 97 percent?

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The ocean has covered about 71 percent of
the earth’s surface, but they have 97 percent

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of the planet’s water.

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And in that water, potentially millions of
undiscovered plant and animal species.

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This one, the ruby seadragon is only identified
in 2015

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and this is the first ever video of live ruby
seadragons.

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It was captured in an archipelago near Western
Australia.

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A remote controlled vehicle

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filmed ruby seadragon swimming and feeding.

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Before 2015, scientists believe only two specifies
of seadragon existed.

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So, this is the third ever captured on camera.

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A seadragon is a type of fish and researchers
think this one might use its long tail to

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grab on to rocks so it’s not carried away
by strong currents.

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Next up, another caught on camera first for
science.

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This video is a little scarier, but as long
as you’re not rooting for the snake, everything

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is going to be all right.

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It shows a rattlesnake, a type of pit viper,
aiming for a kangaroo rat.

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This is the first that high speed video captured
a viper striking at its

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prey in the wild and yes, it’s a miss.

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The rat somebody twists in the neck of time
and gets away.

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This footage was recorded at 500 frames per
second.

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Playback is slowed down 30 times.

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That gives you a sense of how fast all this
really

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happened.

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Apparently, not a lot is known about rattlesnake
strikes in the wild, so filming like this

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can help biologist better understand them.

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Well, the circus is leaving town but this
time, it’s not coming back.

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At least it’s not as far as the Ringling
Brothers and Barnum & Bailey circus

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goes.

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It’s been operating in the U.S. for 146
years and millions of people went to the circus

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each year in recent times.

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But the numbers and the

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ticket sales they brought were shrinking and
the company that operates the circus recently

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announced that its last performances ever
would be this May.

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It’s the end of the road for the greatest
show on earth.

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In just four months, the curtain

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falls on the one and only Ringling Brothers
Barnum & Bailey Circus, an iconic road show

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that defines of the circus experience for
generations of children.

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In the end, CEO Kenneth Feld said the circus
was simply too expensive to produce.

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His family has owned the show for the past
50 years.

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But ticket

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sales were declining and the circus’s fate
was likely sealed last year when it retired

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the popular elephant show.

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Feld said then it was inevitable.

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There’s a saying and it’s been around
for a long time.

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You can’t fight city hall.

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And we found that to

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be the case in this situation.

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For years, the elephants and their dance routines
were a big draw for a circus fan, but not

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at all popular with animal rights groups

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which deplored their treatment and repeatedly
criticized, picketed and sued the company

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for its treatment of animals.

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In 2011, the circus paid a fine of more than
a quarter million dollars for alleged violation

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of the Animal Welfare Act.

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And last year, it retired the

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elephants to a conservation center in Florida.

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After the closure was announced people for
the ethical treatment of the animals declared

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victory while admitting its war against other
wild animal

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exhibitors including marine amusement parks
like SeaWorld is far from over.

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The last performance of the Ringling Brother
Barnum & Bailey circus will be

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on May 21st in Uniondale, New York.

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Fredricka Whitfield, CNN, Atlanta.

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Responding to animal rights groups, the CEO
of the company that owns the circus says its

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closure is not a win for them and, quote,
"this is not

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a win for anyone."

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He added that entertainment has changed and
that the traditional family unit is different.

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Some people struggled to balance a book or
maybe some fruit on their heads.

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Earning a perfect "10 out of 10" today, this
guy makes it look easy

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to balance another person on his head.

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But it’s not just the balancing here.

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Its’ the Guinness World Record set when
two Vietnamese circus

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performers and brothers went head to head
and ascended the 90 stairs of St. Mary’s

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Cathedral in Girona, Spain.

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They did it in 52 seconds.

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So, when two athletes put their heads together,
it’s possible for them both to win a staring

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contest.

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And whether you call that head over heels
or

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head under heels, it invited a lot of stares
when they headed upstairs and stared head

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long into a new world record.

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I’m Carl Azuz for CNN 10.

CNN Student News - January 17, 2017 - English Sub

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