Saturday, January 14, 2017


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With two days left in March, we`re glad you`re
taking 10 minutes to watch CNN STUDENT NEWS.

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My name is Carl Azuz.

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First up in our commercial-free coverage,
votes are being counted in the African nation

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of Nigeria. Results could come out Tuesday
from the

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country`s most tightly contested election
since democracy was reestablished there in

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1999.

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Analysts say turnout was high, in the tens
of millions. And that`s despite the fact that

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the election commission`s Web site was hacked,

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despite some problems with ballot paper and
digital voting card readers and despite attacks

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by the Boko Haram terrorist group. It`s based
in Northern

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Nigeria. It wants a strict form of Islamic
law in the country. It killed at least 11

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people at polling stations, so security was
a major concern in

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these elections, but not the only one.

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With nearly 180 million people, Nigeria is
the most populous country in Africa and one

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of the world`s largest mega democracies.

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Nigeria elections: The key issues

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I am CNN journalist Stephanie Busari and I
was born and raised in Nigeria.

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The Nigeria I remember was a very peaceful
country with different faiths mixing together

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and interacting peacefully. But that -- that
has

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changed significantly in recent times.

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Security

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The major issue for most Nigerians is security.
In the past five years, Boko Haram, the terrorist

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group, has killed and kidnapped

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thousands of Nigerians. They really came to
the world`s attention in April last year,

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when they kidnapped nearly 300 schoolgirls.

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Past elections has been marred by allegations
of rigging and election violence.

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Economy

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The economy is also crucial. Last year, Nigeria
overtook South Africa to become the largest

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economy in Africa. But many complain

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that the country`s vast oil wealth does not
trickle down to the average Nigerian on the

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street.

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Around 70 percent of Nigerians live below
the poverty line.

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The Candidates

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Who are the candidates in this election?

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The incumbent is Goodluck Jonathan. And he
was elected in 2011 on a massive wave of popularity.

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He was almost seen as a kind of Obama-type

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change figure. But Nigerians are disappointed,
because many say he has simply failed to deliver

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on the promises that he made.

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His main opponent is a retired general called
Muhammadu Buhari. He was a former ruler of

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Nigeria. He ruled briefly following a military
coup.

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And he`s also run unsuccessfully in the last
three elections.

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Roll Call

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Roll Call -- we`re visiting coastal states
today, but they don`t all border an ocean.

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For example, take Pennsylvania. It has a tiny
bit of coastline along Lake Erie. The Vanguard

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School in the borough of Malvern is online
in The

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Keystone State.

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On the Pacific Coast, California is on the
Roll. La Habra in Southern California is home

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to La Habra High School and The Highlanders.

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And Wisconsin borders Lake Michigan and Lake
Superior. Today`s school is right near Lake

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Winneconne, though, The Wolves of Winneconne
High School

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are watching.

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The Obama administration is looking to nearly
double the amount of government money used

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to fight super bugs. These are bacterial infections

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that can`t easily be killed by traditional
antibiotics.

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Medical researchers say super bugs sicken
two million people in the U.S. each year and

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kill 23,000 people.

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The president`s budget would spent $1.2 billion
over five years. It aims to eliminate antibiotic

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use in animals raised for food. It aims to

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improve testing, reporting and tracking super
bugs in people. And it would increase research

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for new antibiotics and vaccines.

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Also, the plan wants to cut in half the inappropriate
antibiotic use in doctors` offices and hospitals.

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But some doctors say that`s vague, asking
who decides what kind of antibiotic use is

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inappropriate?

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The plan also has to be approved by Congress,
which may not happen.

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Sound Check

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Astronaut Scott Kelly began a one year mission
in space.

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From the tower marking less than 15 seconds,
the engines igniting, ramping up, and lift-off.

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A year in space starts

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now. Kelly, Kornienko and Padalka on their
way toward the International Space Station.

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OK, you heard that right, a year in space,
almost. It`s 342 days. But it would set a

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new record for the longest time any American
has

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spent in weightlessness. Four Russian cosmonauts
have done it before.

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Scott Kelly blasted off on Friday for the
International Space Station. While he`s there,

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he won`t just be conducting science experiments,
he`ll be

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one of them.

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Scott Kelly is on a mission to become the
first American to spend an entire year on

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the International

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Space Station. That`s nearly twice as long
as any other American has ever stayed in space.

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A Long Year in Space

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Kelly will spend 12 months orbiting the Earth.
And besides just being away from his family

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for a year, Kelly will also be away from

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something we all take for granted, gravity.
And that will have a profound impact on his

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body.

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Kelly will take part in a bunch of studies
to find out how low gravity impacts his eyes,

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his heart, his bones, even his brain.

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About a third of American astronauts have
developed vision problems. It may be because

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without gravity, bodily fluids float up to
their heads,

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causing structural changes in their eyes.

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But that theory has never been fully tested.
NASA scientists have documented cardiac arrhythmias

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and decreases in heart function in space

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flight.

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Spend a long time off the planet and your
bones thin. This puts astronauts at a greater

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risk for broken bones and osteoporosis.

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How does being confined on a space station
for long periods of time affect your thoughts

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and your behavior?

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NASA says knowing this is crucial if we`re
ever going to Mars or deep space.

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But how will we know if being in space is
the cause of Kelly`s body changes?

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NASA has the perfect specimen to compare him
to -- his twin brother, retired astronaut,

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Mark Kelly. Mark Kelly has volunteered for
NASA`s twins

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study, to see how the identical twins change
over a year in very different environments.

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So Mark will be here on Earth, getting poked
and prodded by

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researchers while Scott makes history in orbit.

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Kelly won`t be alone on the Space Station.
A Russian cosmonaut also is taking part in

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the one year mission. And several other crew
members

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will rotate in and out during Kelly`s stay.

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Before We Go

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The word "base" has a lot of different meanings,
even when you drop it down to the category

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of music. In bands, some of you might play

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the double bass, some the bass guitar. In
chorus, someone who sings low may be a bass

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and those who just listen to music like the
boom of the lower

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range.

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But could there ever be use for a sub woofer
on your stovetop?

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Fighting Fire with Bass

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George Mason University students produced
a video of engineering students demonstrating

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a device that they say puts out fire with
nothing

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but sound.

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Seth Robertson and Viet Tran are senior engineering
students at George Mason.

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You know, engineering is all about finding
a way to make the impossible possible. So

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that`s what we did.

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The idea is similar to blowing out a candle:
Sound waves disrupt the oxygen feeding a flame.

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The inventors first thought high frequency
sound

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would work best. They discovered bass is what
stops fire.

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I see this device being applied to a lot of
things. First off, I think in the kitchen,

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it could be on top of a

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stovetop. But eventually, I`d like to see
this applied to maybe swarm robotics, where

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there would be attached to a drone and that
would be

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applied to forest fires or even building fires.

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So is that one of the bassed ideas that would
make good baseness sense on a regular basis

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or are these guys way off bass?

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Should they do an about bass and re-bass the
bass and base it on something less debasable?

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It certainly sounds like it will make waves.

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I`m Carl Azuz.

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CNN STUDENT NEWS returns tomorrow, same time,
same bass.

CNN Student News - January 14, 2017 - English Sub

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