Thursday, January 12, 2017



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Fridays are awesome on CNN 10!

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Well, they`re awesome, period, but we`re happy
that yours includes our show. I`m Carl Azuz.

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The U.S. state of California has been suffering
a historic drought. Three years ago, its governor

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declared a drought state of emergency. Late
last

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year, 97 percent of California was in drought.
But today, the U.S. drought monitor says less

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than 60 percent of the state is under drought
conditions.

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What happened?

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A series of winter storms all hitting in a
short amount of time. Since Monday, more than

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seven inches of rain had fallen, mostly in
northern

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California. Six to 12 feet had fallen on the
Sierra Nevada Mountains. They`re California`s

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biggest source for water storage and their
snow could

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help refill nearby rivers and lakes, many
of which have already risen considerably in

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recent days.

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There`s a major downside to this sudden soggy
storms, though. Avalanches, flooding, river

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waters rising over their flood stages, soaking
land,

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buildings and homes nearby. It`s brought dangerous
conditions to many Californians.

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In the U.S., flash floods kill more people
than tornadoes, hurricanes or lightning.

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A flash flood creates a rush of moving water
that can sweep a grown man off his feet, a

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car off the road, and even your entire home
off its foundation.

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When the ground become so saturated that water
can no longer seep into the soil, it begins

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to run off quickly into rivers and streams
and this causes

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a rise in water and a flash.

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Densely populated areas have an extremely
high risk of flash flooding, with the additional

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concrete in less grassy areas for the water
to soak into the

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soil, and they can see flash flooding very
quickly. In the mountainous terrain, the combination

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of gravity, plus the easy runoff can lead
to

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catastrophic flooding, when all of that water
is funneled into the rivers, creeks, and even

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the valleys.

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Remember, flash flooding can happen in the
blink of an eye, that`s why it`s so important

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to stay alert and pay attention in case a
flash flood watch or

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warning is issued for your area.

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Ten-second trivia.

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Which of these historic structures is oldest?
Stonehenge, the Great Wall of China, the Colosseum,

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or Machu Picchu?

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Researchers believe construction on Stonehenge
started in around 3000 B.C., making it the

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oldest structure on this list.

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Now, why it was built remains a mystery. But
that doesn`t keep more than a million people

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from visiting Stonehenge every year. It`s
one of

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Britain`s most famous landmarks. It`s also
near a road with really bad traffic.

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That`s why the British government has approved
a project that would build a traffic tunnel

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underneath Stonehenge and also widen the highway
nearby.

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The government says it will give a boost to
local economy, as well as shorten drivers`

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trip times and reduce traffic congestion.
And the plan

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has the support of the English heritage organization,
as well as the United Nations.

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But critics say the tunnel won`t significantly
help traffic and that it could destroy any

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ancient artifacts that might still be hidden
underneath

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Stonehenge.

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A historian who opposes the plan says it`s
hard to believe the government would build

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a concrete tunnel that would, quote, "last
at best 100 years

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and decimate a landscape that has lasted for
millennia." The project would cost $2.4 billion

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and take four years to build starting in 2020.

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Like the presidential farewell address, which
we reported on yesterday, there`s no constitutional

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requirement for a presidential inaugural address.

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The new American leader is required to swear
to preserve, protect and defend the Constitution.

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But an inaugural address is a tradition dating

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back to George Washington.

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With inauguration day exactly a week away
for President-elect Donald Trump, here`s a

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look back at what some of his predecessors
have said.

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Inaugural speeches strike familiar tones.

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Founding fathers (and documents).

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Here before is a Bible used in the inauguration
of our first president --

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George Washington, father of our country.

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After the Declaration of Independence was
signed --

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They knew that America, to endure would have
to change.

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This faith is the abiding creed of our fathers.

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Challenges and change.

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Ours is a time of change.

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This inauguration ceremony marks the new beginning.

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The world and we have passed the midway point
of a century of continuing challenge.

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The challenges we face are real.

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Though our challenges are fearsome, so are
our strengths.

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In these difficult years, America has suffered
from a fever of words.

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We must adjust to changing times and still
hold to unchanging principles.

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Poverty and joblessness.

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While many of our citizens prosper, others
doubt the promise, even the justice of our

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own country.

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The state of our economy calls for action,
bold and swift.

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Casting off the change of poverty.

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They`re the homeless, lost and roaming, idle
industries of cast workers into unemployment,

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human misery

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and personal indignity.

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Friends and enemies.

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We cannot expect to make everyone our friend,
but we can try to make no one our enemy.

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To those neighbors and allies who share our
freedom, we will strengthen our historic ties

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and assure them of our support and firm

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commitment.

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There is no longer a clear division between
what is foreign and what is domestic.

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Support any friend, oppose any foe.

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The American spirit.

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From the secret places of the American heart
came forth the faith that cannot see.

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Those who say that we`re in a time when there
are no heroes, they just don`t know where

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to look.

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There is nothing wrong with America that cannot
be cured by what is right with America.

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Ask not what America will do for you, but
what together we can do for the freedom of

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man.

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Well wishes.

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Thank you very much.

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God bless you and thank you.

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And God bless --

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The United States of America.

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There is a great tool available for people
learning English with CNN 10 or folks who

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just want to read along. On our home page,
click the word

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"transcript" under the video box. Then, if
you scroll down while playing the show, you

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can see the transcript and watch the video
all at the same

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time. It`s like country and western, chocolate
chips and cookies, CNN and 10.

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Los Angeles, California, is getting another
professional football team, or actually getting

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it back. The NFL`s San Diego Chargers are
moving to L.A.

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Their first season was actually there back
in 1960. But they`ve been to San Diego for

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the past 56 years.

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Voters there recently decided against the
proposal to build their team a new stadium

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using taxpayer money. So, the Chargers will
move. They`ve

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been renamed the Los Angeles Chargers and
they`ll play in the same city, eventually

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the same stadium, as the Los Angeles Rams.

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For "10 Out of 10", maybe it`s a bridge over
troubled water, who knows? It`s hard to actually

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see the water from the world`s highest bridge.
At

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1,854 feet above the ground, that`s about
the height of 200-storey building. This span

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has the most space between itself and the
valley

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below.

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It`s located in southwest China. It`s 4,400
feet long. It took almost three years and

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more than $140 million to build, and now,
it`s open to

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traffic.

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There`s actually a longer report on that.
We gave you the abridged version. Didn`t anyone

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to get crossed if they`re afraid of heights.

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Didn`t want to keep you in suspense. That
about spans our range of stories on CNN 10.

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We were off Monday for the Martin Luther King,
Jr. holiday in the U.S. So, we`ll see you

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again on Tuesday.

CNN 10 Student News - January 13, 2017 - English Sub

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