Thursday, January 12, 2017


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Your world explained in 10 minutes. This is
CNN 10. Thank you for watching. I`m Carl Azuz.

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First story this Thursday, it`s about one
of the largest U.S. military deployments in

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Europe since the Cold War. It`s not just several
thousand

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U.S. troops who recently arrived in Germany.
It`s tanks, armored trucks, artillery, twenty-four

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hundred pieces of military equipment. And
it will

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be spread out across Eastern Europe.

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This is part of an American effort to show
it`s committed to NATO, the North Atlantic

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Treaty Organization. That was formed in 1949
by European

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countries and the U.S., as a sort of guard
against the Soviet Union.

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Today, NATO members are concerned about Russia.
The country has supported the pro-Russian

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forces who are fighting Ukrainian government
troops in

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eastern Ukraine, and Russia controversially
took over Crimea, a region of Ukraine, in

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early 2014.

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At that time, the vast majority of people
in Crimea voted to make their region part

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of Russia, instead of Ukraine. But Russia`s
takeover was

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something that Ukraine and several other countries,
including the U.S., did not accept, and it

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troubled leaders throughout NATO, including
those in

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Latvia.

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That`s where some U.S. troops are currently
engaged in training exercises.

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War games in the snowy fields of Eastern European,
as U.S. soldiers trained in

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Latvia.

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Twenty-five years ago, this was part of the
Soviet Union. Today, Latvia is part of the

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European Union, and also a U.S. military ally
in NATO.

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These are live fire exercises, that`s why
I`ve got to wear all these extra protective

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armor. Military commanders say they`re trying

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to show that they`re a force of deterrence
and their number one potential threat, Latvia`s

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much bigger neighbor to the east.

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The origins were really a response to Russian
activity in 2014, when the strategic situation

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changed.

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He`s talking about Russia`s annexation of
the Crimean Peninsula, after Russian forces

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drove Ukrainian troops out of this corner

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of Ukraine in 2014.

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Russia`s land grab frightens people and former
Soviet republics like Latvia, where there

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are still bitter memories after a half century
of

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Soviet occupation.

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But there are two sides to this tension. We
travelled from Latvia, across Lithuania to

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Kaliningrad, a Russian enclave in Russia that`s
cut off from

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mainland Russia. In soviet names, this was
heavily militarized place, closed off from

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the outside world.

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Kaliningrad was recently thrust back into
the spotlight after Russia deployed nuclear-capable

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missiles here. Russia`s top diplomat defended
the

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move, arguing it`s the U.S. that`s threatening
Russia.

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Kaliningrad is still the headquarters of the
Russian navy`s Baltic fleet and Moscow has

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been flexing its own muscles, performing military
drills in

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the region.

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Rival militaries maneuvering along opposite
sides of increasingly tense borders, in a

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land that still bears scars from the last
time armies fought

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here.

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Unlike the U.S. president`s State of the Union
report, there`s no requirement in the Constitution

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for an American leader to give a farewell

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address. In fact, the words "farewell" and
"address" don`t appear at all in the document.

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But the tradition goes back to the nation`s
first

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president who famously used part of his address
to warn Americans about the influence of political

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parties.

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The farewell tradition continued this week
with outgoing President Barack Obama addressing

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more than 20,000 of his supporters on Tuesday
night.

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President Obama took the stage to say farewell.
It`s good to be home.

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The applause so deafening, it was hard to
begin. But he soon tore into the forces within

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America that he says threaten the very

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democracy that too many take for granted.

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Only if all of us, regardless of party affiliation
or particular interest help restore the sense

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of common purpose that we so badly need

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right now.

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He called out economic inequality, discrimination
and, in some surprising words, stressed that

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everyone needs to show empathy.

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For blacks and other minority groups, that
means tying our own very real struggles for

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justice to the challenges that a lot of people
in this

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country face. Not only the refugee or the
immigrant or the rural poor or the transgender

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American but also the middle-aged white guy
who, from the

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outside, may seem like he`s got advantages
but has seen his world upended by economic

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and cultural and technological change.

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Calling out naked partisanship, corrosive
politics, fake news.

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And increasingly, we`ve become so secure in
our bubbles that we start accepting only information,

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whether it`s true or not, that fits our

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opinions, instead of basing our opinions on
the evidence that is out there.

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The president thanking those around him -- most
emotionally his family.

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Michelle LaVaughn Robinson, girl of the South
Side. For the past - - for the past 25 years,

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you have not only been my wife and mother
of my children, you have been my best friend.

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And thanking Americans who work hard for change,
asking them one more thing -- to believe in

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the power within themselves.

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Yes, we can. Yes, we can.

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Ten-second trivia:

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Who is the first U.S. president to live in
the White House? John Quincy Adams, Thomas

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Jefferson, John Adams or George Washington?

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Though Washington picked the site of the White
House, it wasn`t until 1800 when his successor

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John Adams moved in.

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And even then, it still wasn`t finished. First
Lady Abigail Adams used the empty East Room

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to hang their laundry to dry. Of course, now,
the

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president`s residence at 1600 Pennsylvania
Avenue has many more modern conveniences,

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like washer dryers. But a lot needs to get
done on January

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20th, when the former president moves out
and the new president moves in.

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At 10:30 on the morning of Inauguration Day,
President Obama will say goodbye to 1600

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Pennsylvania Avenue.

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They literally move all your stuff out in
one day. You are living there and then, suddenly

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-- it`s not all out in the South Lawn. I mean,

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they pack it up.

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TAPPER: He and President-elect Donald Trump
will meet again before heading to the inaugural

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ceremony. As soon as they walk out the door,
the White

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House chief usher and almost 100 staffers
will swing into action.

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It`s more like organized chaos. We have one
truck on the South Lawn that belongs to the

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outgoing president and first family, facing
south. And the incoming truck facing north

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toward the White House on the east side of
the south grounds.

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Rear Admiral Stephen Rochon was the first
African-American White House chief usher,

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and he was in charge of the White House from
President

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George W. Bush to Barack Obama. He remembers
asking incoming First Lady Michelle Obama

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how she wanted the house decorated.

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In the case of the Obamas, they have two precious
girls that wanted a girly type room. Anything

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can be changed on the second and third

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floor, which are the private floors for the
first family.

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"Extreme Makeover" White House edition requires
all hands on deck since it`s a race against

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the clock. They have only six hours to transform

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the 132-room mansion into the new first family`s
home. Movers carry furniture in and out of

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the White House. Personal items are carefully

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organized from the moving trucks. The dining
rooms are decorated and set up and the kitchen

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staff cooks up an inaugural snack, something
to help the

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first family get through all those late night
bowls.

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And, of course, the Oval Office gets a little
sprucing up as well. New paintings on the

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wall. The carpet and desks are cleaned and
new

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technologies installed. No detail is every
too small.

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Ever wonder what it`s like to be a polar bear
roaming and playing and killing prey in the

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Arctic? Well, me neither. But this still gives
us

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a great idea of what that`s like.

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The U.S. Geological Survey recently attached
a camera to a female polar bear`s neck. The

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goal? Study the animal`s behavior and responses
to

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changes in her environment. The view? Fantastic.

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This was shot in the southern Beaufort Sea,
which is north of Alaska. What you didn`t

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see was the other bear asking her out on a
date. He started

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with what`s er sign? A better glance was arctic.
I don`t know how she could bear it. Lines

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like that are un-bear-livable. In other words,

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simply, roar-ful.

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CNN 10 has more news and horrible puns, short
(INAUDIBLE) glace and frosty looks tomorrow.

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Come on back then.

CNN 10 Student News - January 12, 2017 - English Sub

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