Sunday, December 25, 2016


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CNN STUDENT NEWS is 10 minutes of current
events.

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Welcome to our viewers around the world.

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I`m Carl Azuz.

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Our first story today concerns the Middle
Eastern nation of Iran. It`s a theocratic

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republic. Its official religion is Islam.
It has both a

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president elected every four years and a supreme
leader, a Muslim religious scholar who`s appointed

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for life. He has the nation`s ultimate political

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and religious authority.

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The U.S. and some other Western nations have
designated Iran a state sponsor of terrorism.

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It`s been a focus of the international community

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because of its controversial nuclear program
and because its leaders have repeatedly spoken

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out against Israel, a U.S. ally in the Middle
East.

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But Iran and the Obama administration are
currently in talks. U.S. officials are considering

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lifting economic penalties on Iran if it puts
a

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hold on its nuclear program.

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What you have here is a very large population,
about 80 million people live in Iran. It`s

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a very

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dynamic population, a very young population,
a very well-educated population and a population

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that loves doing business.

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Now, of course, the big thing holding Iran
back are the international sanctions because

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of Iran`s nuclear program.

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Many countries in the West fear that Iran
is trying to build a nuclear weapon. The Iranians

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maintain that their nuclear program

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is solely for peaceful purposes.

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We also have to keep in mind that this country
is run by the clergy and there are a lot of

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regulars fundamentalists in this country

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that don`t mind the sanctions at all. They
say they`re willing to live with the sanctions

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rather than soften up their stance toward
the West.

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Now, there is one area where Iran, the U.S.
and the West have a common enemy, and that

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is the fight against ISIS. The Iranians are
we doing a lot

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to combat ISIS in Iraq as well as in Syria.
They have generals there on the ground. They

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have advisers on the ground. They`re training
militias.

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One thing, however, is clear -- if sanctions
are lifted, if this country is able to realize

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its full potential, it will become even more
of

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a powerhouse here in the Middle East.

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The Assyrian city of Nimrud is one of Iraq`s
most renowned archeological sites. This is

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video of workers excavating it in 2001.

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Nimrud dates back to the 13th century BC.
And Iraq`s government says it`s being destroyed

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by the ISIS terrorist group.

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It`s attacked a lot of historic artifacts
in Iraq, calling them symbols of idolatry.

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But ISIS itself may be showing signs of weakness.

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Iraqi troops and Shia militia near Tikrit
taking down ISIS flags, inching closer to

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liberating

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the city from ISIS control.

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The optics -- an Iraqi victory against ISIS
backed up by help from Iran. Senior U.S. officials

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watching across Iraq and Syria as indications

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sporadically grow that ISIS could be in trouble.

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After nearly 3,000 coalition airstrikes, the
days of freely moving around in large formations,

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flying black flags and taking territory may
be

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over for the group.
They can no longer do that. And it`s principally

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because of the effects that we`ve had

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on them. It`s not about just the kinetic effects
alone.

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STARR: Signs that ISIS may be fracturing in
some local areas over the strain of attempting

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to function as a state.
We are seeing anecdotal evidence of resentment

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and even resistance in those areas that

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are controlled by ISIL.

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ISIS having trouble providing basic municipal
services.

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Electricity outages, shortages of food and
commodities, air strikes against their -- their

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refining capabilities have forced them to
go

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to a lot of individual mom and pop refining
stills.

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But fresh recruits, including some from the
West, are still flocking by the hundreds to

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Syria and Iraq, even though their losses are

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mounting and some even being killed if they
try to leave.

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I don`t see evidence right now that ISIS is
falling apart. I do see evidence that ISIS

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is having some trouble

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in governing some territory, that there is
internal squabbling among some of the foreign

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fighters and some of the local Iraqi and Syrian
fighters.

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That`s pretty standard from a range of these
groups.

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Roll Call

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For the record, I think burrows make an awesome
mascot. You could say they`re don-key to today`s

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first Roll Call school. The Burrows

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of Jennifer Junior High School are watching.
Thank you for making us part of your day in

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Lewiston, Idaho.

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One state south, in The Beehive State of Utah,
it`s The Warriors up next. Hello to everyone

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watching at Northwest Middle School in Salt
Lake

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City.

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And in The Volunteer State, The Eagles volunteered
to be part of our roll. Seymour High School

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is in Seymour, Tennessee.

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The World Health Organization, a United Nations
agency, has a new warning out about hearing.

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It says teenagers are at risk of losing it;

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young adults, too. It analyzed information
in wealthier countries around the world of

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people between ages of 12 and 35. It found
that half of them,

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more than one billion people worldwide, are
exposed to unsafe levels of sound from devices

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and about 40 percent are exposed to it at
concerts,

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clubs or sports events.

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So what`s an unsafe level?

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The organization says 100 decibels, like what`s
produced by a jackhammer or a loud motorcycle.

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That can cause hearing damage after 15

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minutes of exposure.

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But rock concerts last longer than that and
can hit decibel levels of 115. Doctors say

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when your hearing is lost, you can`t get it
back. And

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it`s not just about loss. Tinnitus, a symptom
of damage, is a permanent ringing in the ears.

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So how do you protect yourself?

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The organization says keep the volume at or
below 60 percent of its max on your phone

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or iPod, wear noise-cancelling headphones
if you can and

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when you go to a concert, wear earplugs.

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See if you can ID me.

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I was developed in the late 1800s by American
inventor, Christopher Latham Sholes. I was

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eventually named the Remington and occasionally
used

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by author Mark Twain.

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I`m a machine that produces characters like
those made by a printing press.

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I`m a typewriter and the first ones on the
market only wrote in capital letters.

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Of course, people wanted to be able to use
lower case type, so some of the first typewriters

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had two keyboards, many with one behind the

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other. One had capitals and one had lower
case.

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A typewriter with a shift key that needed
only one keyboard started being sold around

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1878. It eventually became more popular.

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But all of these things are just useless antiques
now, right?

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This is the best thing that`s happened to
typing since electricity.

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In the 1960s, typewriters like the IBM Selectric
were the pinnacle of office technology.

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We still sell these. We, of course, service
them.

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Hard to believe the same IBM Selectric is
still being used today.

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Law offices, accounting firms, book publishers,
people who are still used to typing an envelope

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or a label.
Even the New York Police Department still

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uses them.

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Currently, some forms are still required to
be typed, so we still do have typewriters.

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This is an old-fashioned ribbon that they
don`t make anymore.

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At gramercy Typewriters in New York, the old
machines are even clicking with younger fans.

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Typewriters have been making another resurgence.
People are asking about typewriters. They`re

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coming in.

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It`s keeping Paul and his son Justin knee
deep in the machines. Gramercy sells up to

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30 a week and they can service 10 to 15 a

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day. They`re cheaper than most modern computers.
A working IBM costs about $400.

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But of course, the older they get, the more
expensive they get. This Underwood is just

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under 100 years old and it would probably

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sell for around $600.

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While 55 years in the business have left Paul
with blackened fingers, he`s not ready to

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retire. And neither, he says, is the

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typewriter.

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There`s still a need for a typewriter and
there are people who are still going to want

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a typewriter. And I can see this going

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on for years.
Claire Sebastian, CNN, New York.

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Before We Go

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Like much of the U.S. Northeast, Pennsylvania
has seen its share of snow this winter. If

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you look closely at this mound of snow,

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well, there you go. You`ll see it`s a nest
and that the bald eagle in it won`t let anything

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keep her eggs from staying warm.

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Scientists say the animal`s feathers keep
them and their eggs as insulated as they need

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to be. So no matter how high the snow gets,
the

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family remains safe.

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It`s the bald-faced truth, nothing about the
weather is going to get her feathers ruffled.

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It`s really no bird-in to keep her eggs warm
in that

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feather bed, because without a fireplace,
it`s the nest best thing.

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We`ll get beak to producing more news tomorrow.

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I`m Carl Azuz.

CNN Student News - December 26, 2016 - English Sub

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