Wednesday, December 21, 2016


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Thank you for watching CNN STUDENT NEWS. I`m
Carl Azuz reporting from Atlanta, Georgia.

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We`re starting with news from Ukraine. Parts
of Kiev, the capital, were lit up by fires

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last night. As we put this show together.
Earlier in the day at least 14 people had

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been killed. Seven civilians, six police officers
and one government employer as protests intensified

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in Kiev.

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Ukraine got its independence in 1991 from
the Soviet Union. More than two decades later,

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its people are people divided. Some want closer
ties with the European Union, others, including

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the president, want closer ties with Russia.
Protests over this have been going on for

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months, each side is blaming the other for
Tuesday`s violence.

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For Americans in the U.S. Northeast who are
sick of snow, now is the winter of their discontent.

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The good news is, it`s going to get warmer
for them as this week goes on. The bad news,

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meteorologists are saying at least another
month of cold, snow and ice will follow.

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Interesting news, some cities are approaching
records. For Chicago, this is the fifth snowiest

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winter ever recorded with almost 67 inches
of snow so far. For Philadelphia, the third

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snowiest, over 58 inches of snow there. And
for Indianapolis, this winter is the snowiest

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ever. Almost 52 inches of snow and we are
only in February.

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Once again, the northeast is bracing for another
snowy blast.

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I have to stop. I cannot see where I am.

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This latest winter storm already causing crippling
whiteout conditions in northern Illinois and

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slamming the Chicago area with up to six inches
of snow.

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In Milwaukee, icy roads causing a vehicle
to spin off the highway hitting this squad

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car which was at the scene of another crash.

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The massive amount of snowfalls and the relentless
storms near record breaking totals.

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It`s been a little bit too much snow for my
taste.

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Washington D.C. almost doubling its normal
amount of snowfall for February so far, while

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New York City and Philadelphia triple their
yearly accumulations. All the snow causing

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problems for many school systems. Officials
now forced to make up snow days. In parts

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of Pennsylvania, class was in session on President`s
Day.

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We may lose Easter Monday. We may lose a professional
development day that the teachers were going

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to have to have and a retreat day.

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Schools in Delaware are considering extending
days by 30 minutes, and some schools in New

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Jersey may hold classes on Saturdays.
It kind of stinks.

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Bucket ready for the big thaw: later this
week, temperature will finally rise, melting

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this massive accumulations of snow from Washington,
D.C. to Maine.

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On the West Coast, it`s heavy amounts of rain
and snow in Oregon that brought down trees.

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Demolishing homes and landing inches away
from people inside.

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I can`t see how she got out of it alive.

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And in Seattle, mud slides trapping this car
in a highway and closing some transit tracks.

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Time for the "Shootout." Which part of the
U.S. government tests the fuel economy of

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new cars? If you think you know it, shout
it out! Is it the EPA, FDA, FAA or DHS? You`ve

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got three seconds, go! T The environmental
protection agency, EPA gives the fuel economy

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info you see on new car labels. That`s your
answer and that`s your shoutout.

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The U.S. government sets minimum gas mileage
requirements for new cars. Now, the Obama

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administration is ordering new requirements
for medium and heavy-duty vehicles. Tractor-trailers,

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buses and vans.

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Why? The government wants all new vehicles
to get better gas mileage and give less pollution.

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It hopes the new rules will help make that
happen. One complication is that the technology

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it takes to do this can cost more, raising
the price of new vehicles. The government

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says this will be offset when money saved
on fuel. The American trucking industry wants

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the president to proceed cautiously, saying
its supports saving on fuel, but it hopes

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the new rules won`t conflict with safety,
or force vehicles to use new technologies

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that aren`t fully tested. The president`s
new guidelines were issued by executive order,

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which means they won`t go through Congress
for approval.

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Last November and December the personal information
of as many as 110 million people were stolen.

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They`d used credit cards at Target. At around
the same time, more than a million other had

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their info stolen. They`d used credit cards
at Neiman Marcus.

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Paying for something electronically is convenient.
It allows you to buy whatever, without going

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wherever. But is it secure?

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First, there was cash. Then came checks. And
credit cards, smartphones and even crypto

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currencies.

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The size and scale of the non-cash economy
is vast. One report estimates non-cash transactions

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top 333 billion in 2012. That`s 47 for each
man, woman and child on the planet. And the

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more money slosh into the system, the greater
the risk.

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Over the past four years, the Secret Service
has nearly arrested 5,000 cyber criminals.

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In total, these criminals were responsible
for over a billion dollars in fraud losses.

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The recent cases of U.S. retailers, Target
and Neiman Marcus were a global wakeup call.

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Here in New York, the district attorney admits,
it`s his greatest challenge.

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I think it is a tsunami. I think that cybercrime
identity theft is occurring at a pace and

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a level, which make it one of the most significant
criminal developments that we`ve seen in our

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generation.

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Target and Neiman Marcus did not just expose
the magnitude of the problem, they also revealed

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the sophistication of those behind it.

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Is it a case of skimming the numbers from
the back of the card, cloning the card, looking

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at the card in the restaurant or the shop?

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We`re also looking at situations where because
of people`s - criminals technical expertise,

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obviously they are doing things as alleged
in the Target case: going through the software

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that control the air system in the company
and through the backdoor, being able to move

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into data and identifying customer data, customer
credit card numbers and the like.

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The real victims are the consumers. Both Target
and Neiman Marcus are investigating.

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We have learned that the malware, which penetrated
our system was exceedingly sophisticated.

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And have apologized.

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I want to say how deeply sorry we are for
the impact this incident has had on our guests.

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Both are still facing major class action lawsuits.

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We love Worldwide Wednesdays on the CNN STUDENT
NEWS "Roll Call." It gives us another chance

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to go globetrotting to places like Nantou
County, Taiwan. And that`s where we are online

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at National Chi Nan University.

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Across the Pacific in San Pedro Sula, Honduras,
hello to the students of Esquella Internacional

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Sampedrana.

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And across the Atlantic, our final stuff is
in Lakenheath, England. Thank you for watching

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it, Lakenheath American Middle and High Schools.

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On cell phones and tablets, there are a lot
of apps and services we can get for free.

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What are the providers like Apple, Google,
Facebook or Pandora get out of it? For one

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thing, they`ll sell some ad space to businesses
that make money off that. For another, they

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get information. They learn a lot about us.
And Laurie Segall looks at how even our politics

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could factor in.

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Hey, Carl. Well, if you are one of the millions
of people who use Pandora to listen to music,

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the company says it knows more about you than
your favorite song. And they are hoping to

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cash in. Pandora`s planning to roll out a
new ad service to help political candidates

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target voters. That means the next time you
listen to Miley Cyrus or Jay-Z, you might

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get pegged as a Democrat or Republican. At
the heart of this, your zip code. When you

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sign up for Pandora, you`re entering your
zip code. That gives the company valuable

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geographical data. And they can tell a lot
about you by where you live. Now, in the past,

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Pandora has used this location data to look
at how other people in your area vote. Now,

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they are adding in to your listening preferences.
Now, using your location and what you`re listening

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to, Pandora says they determine your political
preference.

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So, let`s take a look at what Pandora says
your taste reveals about your politics. Listen

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to Daft Punk, Pandora may determine you`re
likely to vote Democrat. If you like country

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music, Pandora infers you`re more likely to
vote Republican. Love some Jay-Z? Well, according

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to Pandora it`s hard to determine your political
affiliation.

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Listen, Carl, one thing is for sure: those
apps on your smartphone, they are looking

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to make money, many of them are, and to do
that, they`ve got to get to know you better.

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That`s the advertising game and it looks like
Pandora`s got a head start. Carl.

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Before we go, when octopi attack. It doesn`t
typically occur unless they feel threatened.

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So, when this happened, the two divers off
the coast of California recently, they kept

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one camera rolling as an eight-foot giant
Pacific octopus tried to take out the other.

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The diver who posted this on YouTube thinks
the animal saw its reflection in the lens,

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mistook it for another octopus and went after
it. When the camera flashes went off, the

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octopus went away.

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Would you have stuck around? I can think of
eight good reasons not to. It`s interesting

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that diver never thought he octopushed it
away. It was eight armed and dangerous. I

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guess when that happen so fast, you don`t
have time to ink about it. CNN STUDENT NEWS

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dives back in tomorrow.

CNN Student News- December 22, 2016 - English Sub

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