Tuesday, December 20, 2016




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Welcome back to CNN STUDENT NEWS. Ten minutes
of commercial-free headlines for the classroom.

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I`m Carl Azuz. Thank you for watching.

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First up today, unrest in Venezuela. South
American country is officially a federal republic.

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That means, the central government`s power
is limited and voters may choose their representatives.

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But in recent years, the power of Venezuela`s
government has increased. It`s moved towards

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socialism, taking over control of TV stations,
food companies, oil companies. The country`s

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president Nicolas Maduro has followed in the
footsteps of former president Hugo Chavez.

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A controversial leader who envisioned a socialist
Venezuela.

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The U.S. State Department recently said it
was concerned about protests going on in the

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country. Afterward, Venezuelan President Maduro
kicked out three U.S. diplomats, and the protests

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continue.

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The streets of Caracas have resembled a war
zone. Thousands of anti-government protesters

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met with water cannons and armed security
forces. Buildings scarred with bullet holes.

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These protests began last week when students
organized against rising crime, food shortages

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and high inflation.

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At more than 56 percent, Venezuela has one
of the highest inflation rates in the world.

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We are here because we hope we can have enough
goods, supplies and a safe environment to

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live in. We also expect quality education.

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President Nicolas Maduro met the opposition
with a rally of his own and is not backing

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down.
I will continue in power, because the people

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(inaudible) power. On this constitution I
swear, I swear and I will swear, nothing will

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take me off the road of building the Bolivarian
revolution that Hugo Chavez left us.

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Maduro has the media on a tight leash. The
Maduro government threatened legal action

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for what it called "media manipulation against
Venezuela. And attacks on V-TV, the government

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run television station.

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While Maduro can still count on a loyal following
of Chavistas, supporters of former president

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Hugo Chavez, Venezuela`s youth refused to
back down.

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Jim Clancy, CNN.

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There are often obstacles in the Olympics,
and not just in the events themselves. Yesterday,

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when it was time for men`s biathlon and snowboard
cross in Sochi, Russia, there was this: fog,

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lots of fog. Thick fog. It caused the events
to be postponed. It was the second day in

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a row this had happened to the biathlon. American
snowboarder Nate Holland said, this is pretty

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common. Mother Nature doesn`t always cooperate.
It doesn`t seem to matter much to the Americans

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or the Russians. Late yesterday afternoon,
the two countries were living the overall

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Olympic medal count, with 18 medals each.
Netherlands was close behind with 17 overall

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medals, and Norway and Canada had 15 medals
each.

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Germany had 13 medals total, but eight of
them were gold. Germany was leading in gold

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medals alone.

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Some call it the winter blues. If you`re - just
not feeling yourself when the days are short,

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the weather is cold, the sunlight is weak.
It`s not just about one hibernate in winter

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time. For those who feel depressed this time
of year or have symptoms of it. There`s a

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medically recognized reason - and thankfully,
there are some easy ways to deal with it.

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Even if you love the cold and winter sports,
you`ve got to admit, this had felt like a

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long winter. AT least 12 million Americans
suffer from something known as seasonal affective

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disorder, or SAD. Numbers probably even higher
than that. Longer nights, shorter days. All

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that leads to a chemical imbalance in the
brain. What happens, is your serotonin levels

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are down, and melatonin, which makes you sleepy,
that`s up, to make sense. Symptoms can be

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mild or severe. You can get fatigue, lack
of energy, oversleeping, difficulty concentrating.

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And also, cravings for food that cause waking.
That probably sounds familiar as well. Diet

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and exercise can always help. Also, get outside
as much as you can. You can also get a specialty

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designed light box. You just sit there and
stare at it for a while each day, or at least

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put it on your desk. The point is, you can
get a boost of more natural light. Worst case,

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some doctors may recommend antidepressants
or psychotherapy to help you get through this.

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Another tidbit, find things that bring you
joy. Open up the blinds in your house, play

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some of your favorite music and be with your
family. Laughter and togetherness are always

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great therapy for the winter blues.

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Time for "The Shoutout." In addition to Presidents
Washington, Jefferson and Lincoln, whose face

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is carved on Mount Rushmore? You know what
to do. Is it: Benjamin Franklin, Franklin

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Roosevelt, Theodore Roosevelt or John Adams?
You`ve got three seconds, go!

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The missing man here is Theodore Roosevelt,
the 26 president of the United States. That`s

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your answer and that`s your shoutout.

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Yesterday, it was president`s day in the United
States. But what`s interesting is, it really

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wasn`t. Officially, the holiday is known as
Washington`s Birthday. George Washington was

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born on February, 22 1732. Congress eventually
moved the celebration to a Monday, so government

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workers could get a three day weekend. What
Congress didn`t do was officially change the

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name to president`s day in honor of Washington
and Lincoln who were both born in February.

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Many Americans still call it President`s Day
and Lincoln, after all, did get a memorial.

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He presided over some of the most transformative
events of the last century.

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I`m happy to join with you today .

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Martin Luther King Jr.`s I have a dream speech.
Vietnam War protests. So it`s hard to believe

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that this 19 feet high 175 ton Abraham Lincoln,
one of the most recognizable memorials in

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all the world, almost never existed. And for
a familiar reason: congressional gridlock

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over government spending.

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When you hear people talk about Washington
as a swamp, it`s not just a metaphor. Over

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a century ago, right where I`m standing, was
actually a swamp. It was a place for vagrants

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and as legend has it, even a place to dump
dead bodies. Now, to build this would cost

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$3 million. It doesn`t sound like a lot in
today`s terms, but back then, it was the most

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expensive in history.

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Joe Cannon who was the speaker of the House,
he called it a swamp, and he didn`t understand

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how we could have a presidential memorial
out here.

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It took almost a decade, five failed votes
in Congress to approve this site.

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The designer who was Henry Bacon, he came
up with this idea of putting this thing on

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elevated kind of hill, on pylons, 60 feet
in the air. And that`s where the temple - the

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memorial actually begins.

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Finally, in February 1914, 100 years ago this
month, construction began and took eight years

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to complete.

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It`s an epic memorial, and the idea that it`s
not only a president - it actually speaks

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to this huge American experience that was
so important in our history.

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But the Lincoln Memorial isn`t just iconic,
because it commemorates history, it`s because

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it`s a place where history is made, the place
for political protest.

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That all started in 1939 with a concert by
opera singer Marian Anderson.

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MARIAN ANDERSON (singing)

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She had been scheduled to sing at the Daughters
of American Revolution, but when it was learned

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that the audience would be segregated, she
refused to do so. It was a concert, but it

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was a protest, and people knew it. Afterwards
in the `40s, in the `50s, you just have a

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steady stream whether it`s an explicit protest,
a conference of the National Association for

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the Advancement of Colored People, the Prayer
Pilgrimage organized by Martin Luther King.

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The latest in this chapter was actually at
the Obama - the first Obama inaugural. The

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day before they had a huge event here, which
was very celebratory, but actually draws on

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this very same tradition.
So, was a memorial itself, is it tribute to

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Lincoln from his famous speeches to his hands?
One clench for strength, the other open to

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show compassion. Its legacy for the last century
is the perch Lincoln provides to Americans

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to protest and celebrate.

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This has become a place that the American
people really feel attached to.

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Last Friday`s "Roll Call" went to the dogs,
today`s goes to the cats, because we re feline

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like it. The Cougars at Springfield High School
are watching. Glad to see you all in Springfield,

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Pennsylvania. What about the wild cats? They`ve
got us on in Guntersville, Alabama. Home of

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Guntersville High School and out West in Nevada,
it`s all about the Garrett Junior High School

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Bobcats. They are watching right meow in Boulder
City.

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Believe it or not, we`ve seen a surfing cat.
We`ve shown surfing dogs. I remember a song

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about a surfing cow. But you only see something
like this hen pigs surf. It`s a surfing pig.

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The owner says it fell into the pool one day
- that`s how they found out it could swim.

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After that, well, why not? Take it surfing.
It hangs out, it hangs to, it wipes out, up

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pops the snout. It gets back on the board
and rides the waves to shore. Looks like it`s

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in hog heaven. It has onlookers squealing
with surprise, although some say for surfing

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bodies, it`s a pork choice. After every ride,
he`s just bacon to go again. And we`d show

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you more, but we`re just snout at time. I`m
Carl Azuz hanging it up for CNN STUDENT NEWS.

CNN Student News - December 21, 2016 - English Sub

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