Thursday, November 24, 2016


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Welcome to Friday. And thank you for spending
ten minutes of it with CNN STUDENT NEWS. It`s

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a little bit of a different look for us today.
We mentioned yesterday that opposing groups

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in Ukraine looked like they were headed toward
a truce. Hopes for that crumbled yesterday.

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And violence got worse, between protesters
and police. The protesters say police had

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snipers firing at them, and that 100 people
had been killed. The government isn`t saying

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how many were killed, but it says demonstrators
were kidnapping police officers. This all

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goes back to the Ukrainian president`s decision
last year to sign a trade deal with Russia.

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It would help Ukraine`s economy, but some
Ukrainians wanted a deal with the European

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Union instead, and the divisions deepened.

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Because you have to look at where Ukraine
is located, because this really is the historic

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divider between Russia and the rest of Europe.
Right, Max?

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Yeah, historians think the country`s name
actually means borderlands. So the sense of

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being in between is really baked in to Ukraine`s
identity.

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And it`s only about 900 miles, if you were
to drive down to Sochi, where the Olympics

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are going on right now. Let`s talk about the
makeup of this country, Max.

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Yeah, it`s about the size of Texas, and its
45 million people. So, it`s big.

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OK. Now, why did all of this launch? It really
goes back to something that happened in November

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with the European Union.
Yeah. Ukraine was considering a deal for great

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economic integration with the European Union.
And a lot of Ukrainians like this because

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they thought it was a good deal, and they
liked the idea of being a part of Europe,

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but they didn`t get that.
They got a very different deal, indeed. What

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happened?

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So, what happened is Ukraine`s surprised everybody
by taking a deal with Russia instead for about

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$15 billion in bailout in cheaper natural
gas?

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And so those who opposed it, who wanted the
European Union deal, then turned their attention,

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even more so, on the president.

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Yeah. President Viktor Yanukovych who`s seen
by a lot of Ukrainians as corrupt, he`d been

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ousted in protests in 2004 previously. He`s
seen as very cozy with Russia. It`s actually

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- Russian is his native language. So when
he took this deal, people thought well, he`s

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sold out our country to Moscow.

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So, in many ways, what this comes down to,
is a historic division. And this has always

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been like two countries in one space and now
it`s coming to a hit.

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Yeah, that`s right. So, if you look at this
map, this purple western half, this actually

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mostly speaks Ukrainian. That`s where Kiev
is, that`s where most of the protests are.

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The eastern half - people mostly speak Russian.
That`s where Yanukovych is from. People have

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a little more fondness for the old ties to
Russia. So, what you are seeing play out is

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this identity crisis Ukraine has had since
its independence between are we a European

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country or are we facing more towards Russia.

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And of course, there is a big poll from both
sides from Europeans and from the United States

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and others saying you should be free to do
what you want and from the Russian side, because

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bear in mind: this was the region that went
it was part of the Soviet Empire produced

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one quarter of all the agricultural products.
It is a huge trading partner to Russia.

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Parents, children, brothers, sisters divided
for more than 60 years. It`s like they`ve

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lived one state away from each other, but
the line that separates them is between North

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and South Korea, countries whose governments
have been in odd since the Korean War.

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And people aren`t able to travel freely between
them. Reunions between dozens of North and

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South Koreans are going ahead, even though
North Korea had threatened to cancel them

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earlier this month.

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Kim Sung Yung (ph) is 96 years old. The oldest
person at this reunion. Her father urged her

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to walk hundreds of miles from North to South
Korea at the start of the Korean War. Her

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sister was too young to join her. They are
final reunited more than 60 years later.

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This reunions are so rare, and those picked
so elderly, even illness couldn`t keep them

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away. 90-year old Kim Sung Kian (ph) was transported
in an ambulance and attended the reunion hooked

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up to an I.V. drip. Determined a bout of the
flue wouldn`t ruin his only chance to see

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his son and daughter.

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CNN affiliate YTN quotes him as saying, even
if I die now, if I have seen my family, I

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will die in peace.

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Every single story is heartbreaking. And a
stark reminder of the pain of the people divided.

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The Korean War ended in a stalemate in 1953.
Without any regular forms of communications

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between the two Koreas, families have gone
decades without contact. Even this contact

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was monitored. North Korean officials stood
by every table, listening to every conversation.

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For some, the overwhelming emotion was simply
too much. Tens of thousands of Koreans applied

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to be part of this reunion. Those that were
picked already had one disappointment last

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September when the meeting was canceled at
the last minute.

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These reunions are bitter sweet. The joy of
being reunited is tainted by the fact they

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only spend a total of 11 hours together, before
going back to their separate lives knowing

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that their good bye is permanent. Paula Hancocks,
CNN, Seoul.

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A lot of people have temporary loneliness,
the kind that comes when you move to a new

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city or school. But for those who live with
it, day in and day out, it`s a serious condition.

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One that doctors say can significantly affect
your health. It can keep you from getting

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good sleep. It can shorten your life. CNN`s
Dr. Sanjay Gupta recently contributed to a

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PSA called "Just Say Hello." It encourages
people to do that, say hello to strangers

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or folks they hadn`t heard from in a while.
Here`s why.

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What sort of struck me as - from a physical
standpoint, if someone`s having a heart problem,

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for example, you may know to go over there
and pump on their chest. If someone is suffering

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from loneliness or something, we tend to avoid
those people. They are loners. They are people

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who are sort of, and we know these people
in our buildings, in our workplace. And this

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was part of this campaign, it was trying to
address that particular issue. Recognizing

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that loneliness by itself is a risk factor
for so many different things.

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For those who are lonely, ways of addressing
it include becoming active. Getting involved

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in activities, clubs or places of faith like
church.

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Actual pictures of Glenn in the capsule will
give scientists the opportunity to study his

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reactions. As he passes over the Canary Islands,
Africa, the Indian Ocean, Australia, back

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across the Pacific and over the United States.
He speeds at 17,500 miles an hour, reaching

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a high point of 160 miles and the low altitude
of 99 miles. Each of the three orbits takes

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about 90 minutes. Three times the colonel
sees the sunrise within the period of four

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hours and 56 minutes. Three times around the
globe.

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Still impressive, all these decades later,
but it took amazing courage back in 1962 when

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the U.S. manned space program was just getting
off the ground. Yesterday was the 52 anniversary

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of when astronaut John Glenn made those trips
around the Earth. He was the first American

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in orbit, and in 1998, he went back up on
the Space Shuttle Discovery becoming the oldest

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person ever to travel in space. That time,
he was 77. Glenn is more than an astronaut.

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Throughout his life, he`s served as a Marine
fighter pilot, a test pilot, a U.S. senator.

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He worked as an adjunct professor at Ohio
State University. And in 2012, he was awarded

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the presidential Medal of Freedom.

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Isaac Lufkin is accomplished in his own right.
He`s only 14, but as a freshman, he helped

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classical high school in Providence, Rhode
Island to win the freshman football state

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title.

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Lufkin was born without arms. But he takes
a no excuses approach to everything he does.

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His continuing success story, on and off the
field, has gotten him national recognition.

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Lufkin who is featured on our show earlier
this month, was a VIP at this year Super Bowl.

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He met former president Bill Clinton while
he was there. And he just received a letter

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of praise from President Obama. It says, Lufkin`s
achievements remind people of what can be

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accomplished when they work hard and stay
focused on reaching their goals.

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On yesterday`s CNN STUDENT NEWS "Roll Call"
we started out west. Today, we are starting

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in the Midwest. Check out the ellers (ph).
That`s a cool mascot. They are watching from

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Elkhorn Middle School in Elkhorn, Nebraska.
We`ve got the Hart - it`s good to see you

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all in Hartley, Iowa where we find Hartley
Melvin Sanborn High. And we`ll zoom east,

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northeast, all the way to Lewiston, Maine.
The blue devils from Lewiston High School

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are on today`s roll.

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Not all hamburgers are created equal. The
true king of them may not even be at Burger

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King. At first glance, this may look like
any old burger. But wait till you see the

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bun. Oh, yeah. That`s a mark of royalty right
there, a New Orleans King Cake. Just ahead

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to Mardi Gras season, to give a little extra
flavor to an all-American favorite, it`s becoming

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a bestseller aboard the food truck that introduced
it. Of course, it carries a truckload of calories,

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but the holiday isn`t called Fat Tuesday for
nothing. And if taste is truly king, this

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may take the cake, maybe, as it`s paraded
around New Orleans, it`s sure to attract the

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crew of fans. People who love carnival food
would probably tell you - you just can`t beat

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it. I`m Carl Azuz and we`ll be floating more
news in pongee way next week.

CNN Student News - November 23, 2016 - English Sub

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