Wednesday, October 12, 2016



2
00:00:08,860 --> 00:00:15,160
thank you for taking ten minutes out of

3
00:00:13,90 --> 00:00:17,740
your thursday to watch CNN Student News

4
00:00:15,160 --> 00:00:19,450
I'm Carl azuz at the CNN center

5
00:00:17,740 --> 00:00:21,610
our first story centers on a state of

6
00:00:19,450 --> 00:00:23,590
emergency in the East African nation of

7
00:00:21,610 --> 00:00:25,570
Ethiopia this is one of the poorest

8
00:00:23,590 --> 00:00:27,849
countries on the planet more than

9
00:00:25,570 --> 00:00:29,890
twenty-nine percent of ethiopia's people

10
00:00:27,849 --> 00:00:32,349
are estimated to live below the poverty

11
00:00:29,890 --> 00:00:34,780
line the nation's economy has grown

12
00:00:32,348 --> 00:00:37,870
rapidly in recent years but that's

13
00:00:34,780 --> 00:00:39,940
coincided with a rise in ethnic tension

14
00:00:37,870 --> 00:00:42,669
why well the country has a diverse

15
00:00:39,940 --> 00:00:44,829
combination of ethnic groups the largest

16
00:00:42,670 --> 00:00:47,590
the oromo ethnic group makes up about a

17
00:00:44,829 --> 00:00:50,710
third of ethiopia's population another

18
00:00:47,590 --> 00:00:53,410
the Amara's makeup 27-percent the t

19
00:00:50,710 --> 00:00:55,300
greys make up just over six percent but

20
00:00:53,410 --> 00:00:57,578
the smaller tigre ethnic group

21
00:00:55,300 --> 00:00:59,559
reportedly dominates the government and

22
00:00:57,579 --> 00:01:01,630
that's one reason why some other groups

23
00:00:59,560 --> 00:01:03,820
are protesting the government declared a

24
00:01:01,630 --> 00:01:06,9
state of emergency recently in response

25
00:01:03,820 --> 00:01:10,200
to the loss of lives and property in the

26
00:01:06,9 --> 00:01:13,140
protest but signs of instability remain

27
00:01:10,200 --> 00:01:15,509
the Ethiopian government in addis ababa

28
00:01:13,140 --> 00:01:17,640
by introduce a state of emergency in the

29
00:01:15,509 --> 00:01:20,100
country because of growing concerns of

30
00:01:17,640 --> 00:01:21,869
our security following several protest

31
00:01:20,100 --> 00:01:23,610
this is the first time a state of

32
00:01:21,869 --> 00:01:26,159
emergency has been declared in ethiopia

33
00:01:23,610 --> 00:01:28,619
in the last 25 years

34
00:01:26,159 --> 00:01:30,869
the devil is 52 people in a religious

35
00:01:28,619 --> 00:01:33,179
festival as their to increased ethnic

36
00:01:30,869 --> 00:01:35,909
tensions within the country the activist

37
00:01:33,179 --> 00:01:37,920
claimed at least 500 people were killed

38
00:01:35,909 --> 00:01:39,780
by the government denies this

39
00:01:37,920 --> 00:01:41,670
this comes after one of europe's largest

40
00:01:39,780 --> 00:01:43,830
ethnic groups has been fiercely

41
00:01:41,670 --> 00:01:45,990
protesting against the government the

42
00:01:43,830 --> 00:01:48,630
Romans makeup over at third of the

43
00:01:45,990 --> 00:01:51,89
country's 100 million population and yet

44
00:01:48,630 --> 00:01:52,949
none of the Ethiopians pass all current

45
00:01:51,90 --> 00:01:55,709
leadership has come from the aroma

46
00:01:52,950 --> 00:01:58,20
region protests started in april 2014

47
00:01:55,709 --> 00:02:00,270
when the government announced plans to

48
00:01:58,20 --> 00:02:01,679
expand the capital addis ababa into

49
00:02:00,270 --> 00:02:03,509
oromo territory

50
00:02:01,679 --> 00:02:06,959
although the government abandoned these

51
00:02:03,509 --> 00:02:09,329
plans the protest of snowballs at the

52
00:02:06,959 --> 00:02:11,730
2016 olympics the Ethiopian wonderfully

53
00:02:09,329 --> 00:02:13,380
is alyssa cross the finishing line with

54
00:02:11,730 --> 00:02:15,540
his hands raised in his wrist touching

55
00:02:13,380 --> 00:02:18,30
as if they're handcuffed this has become

56
00:02:15,540 --> 00:02:20,459
a powerful protest about the treatment

57
00:02:18,30 --> 00:02:22,500
of the aroma people by the government

58
00:02:20,459 --> 00:02:24,720
the government of Ethiopia in trying to

59
00:02:22,500 --> 00:02:26,430
stop the aromas from protesting too much

60
00:02:24,720 --> 00:02:28,799
are forgetting that the Americas and the

61
00:02:26,430 --> 00:02:30,480
Tigres also want to slice of power

62
00:02:28,799 --> 00:02:32,250
it's very difficult for a government has

63
00:02:30,480 --> 00:02:34,709
been used for the last 25 years no

64
00:02:32,250 --> 00:02:35,910
opposition within Parliament to actually

65
00:02:34,709 --> 00:02:37,950
face up to the fact that this may

66
00:02:35,910 --> 00:02:42,660
actually be sponsoring into a serious

67
00:02:37,950 --> 00:02:45,328
ethnic right within a tfp in northern

68
00:02:42,660 --> 00:02:47,310
Iraq a battle is looming Iraqi troops

69
00:02:45,329 --> 00:02:49,319
with the support of US forces are

70
00:02:47,310 --> 00:02:51,660
planning an attempt to retake the city

71
00:02:49,319 --> 00:02:54,149
of Mosul from the Isis terrorist group

72
00:02:51,660 --> 00:02:57,299
Mosul is the second largest city in Iraq

73
00:02:54,150 --> 00:02:59,99
Isis took control of it in 2014

74
00:02:57,299 --> 00:03:01,500
officials believe the terrorists are

75
00:02:59,99 --> 00:03:04,319
planting mines and explosives around the

76
00:03:01,500 --> 00:03:06,780
city to complicate the fight the lasting

77
00:03:04,319 --> 00:03:09,540
damage that Isis has left in towns near

78
00:03:06,780 --> 00:03:13,380
Mosul could be a sign of what's to come

79
00:03:09,540 --> 00:03:15,209
a lake of fire thick black clouds

80
00:03:13,380 --> 00:03:19,349
obscuring the Sun in the town of a

81
00:03:15,209 --> 00:03:22,79
yachtie south of Mosul i set this oil

82
00:03:19,349 --> 00:03:23,350
well on fire months ago the purpose was

83
00:03:22,79 --> 00:03:27,340
to obscure the view

84
00:03:23,350 --> 00:03:29,920
you of aircraft overhead but Isis is now

85
00:03:27,340 --> 00:03:32,710
gone in this fire continues to burn

86
00:03:29,920 --> 00:03:36,970
right on the edge of a town in which

87
00:03:32,710 --> 00:03:39,580
many people are now living alone on the

88
00:03:36,970 --> 00:03:41,710
chakra and in its shadow lives

89
00:03:39,580 --> 00:03:44,830
Khalil who takes us to his house

90
00:03:41,710 --> 00:03:47,80
somewhere in the midday darkness the

91
00:03:44,830 --> 00:03:51,130
smoke is stained two-year-old our beta

92
00:03:47,80 --> 00:03:53,200
and his sisters Khalil and his wife

93
00:03:51,130 --> 00:03:56,470
cover the children with a sheet at night

94
00:03:53,200 --> 00:04:00,220
scant protection from the toxic fumes

95
00:03:56,470 --> 00:04:03,10
here wanna be loved the idea that well

96
00:04:00,220 --> 00:04:04,900
is really hurting us idea says the winds

97
00:04:03,10 --> 00:04:06,760
change direction and now it's all

98
00:04:04,900 --> 00:04:10,510
flowing on us

99
00:04:06,760 --> 00:04:11,769
yes but he says they have nowhere else

100
00:04:10,510 --> 00:04:14,79
to go

101
00:04:11,770 --> 00:04:18,519
we could barely stay with him for 10

102
00:04:14,80 --> 00:04:20,410
minutes engineer hussain salomon his

103
00:04:18,519 --> 00:04:22,630
team are trying to put out the dozens of

104
00:04:20,410 --> 00:04:26,230
fires but it's a time-consuming process

105
00:04:22,630 --> 00:04:29,260
so that I decided about the workshop it

106
00:04:26,230 --> 00:04:32,800
took 30 days to put out one fire he says

107
00:04:29,260 --> 00:04:35,560
in the main street some shops have

108
00:04:32,800 --> 00:04:39,190
reopened also hear the smoke hangs

109
00:04:35,560 --> 00:04:41,500
heavily on residents of initial dodge

110
00:04:39,190 --> 00:04:44,770
daddy it's another Isis says Charlotte

111
00:04:41,500 --> 00:04:49,30
it's cancer that is really the heart

112
00:04:44,770 --> 00:04:51,490
that Josh's they called Isis here left

113
00:04:49,30 --> 00:04:56,679
behind a poisonous legacy of death

114
00:04:51,490 --> 00:04:58,480
destruction and disease the World Health

115
00:04:56,680 --> 00:05:01,150
Organization part of the United Nations

116
00:04:58,480 --> 00:05:04,510
is asking governments worldwide to put a

117
00:05:01,150 --> 00:05:06,520
new tax on sodas it wants off train

118
00:05:04,510 --> 00:05:09,190
prices increased by at least twenty

119
00:05:06,520 --> 00:05:11,409
percent public health experts say sugar

120
00:05:09,190 --> 00:05:13,660
like what's found in many soft drinks is

121
00:05:11,410 --> 00:05:17,80
mostly to blame for rising global

122
00:05:13,660 --> 00:05:18,970
obesity rates the wh 0 says thirty-nine

123
00:05:17,80 --> 00:05:21,940
percent of the planets adults were

124
00:05:18,970 --> 00:05:24,340
overweight in 2014 and then a new tax on

125
00:05:21,940 --> 00:05:27,400
sugary drinks would prevent obesity and

126
00:05:24,340 --> 00:05:29,770
diabetes and cut health care costs but

127
00:05:27,400 --> 00:05:31,750
would hire prices mean lower calorie

128
00:05:29,770 --> 00:05:32,500
choices when people want something to

129
00:05:31,750 --> 00:05:34,450
drink

130
00:05:32,500 --> 00:05:36,820
that seems to be true in some places

131
00:05:34,450 --> 00:05:39,219
like the city of berkeley california

132
00:05:36,820 --> 00:05:41,830
a voter-approved tax they're reportedly

133
00:05:39,220 --> 00:05:44,140
led to a 21-percent drop in the

134
00:05:41,830 --> 00:05:45,820
consumption of sugary beverages but

135
00:05:44,140 --> 00:05:48,159
results haven't been the same everywhere

136
00:05:45,820 --> 00:05:51,340
the nation of Mexico put a ten percent

137
00:05:48,160 --> 00:05:53,200
tax on sugary drinks in 2013 and the

138
00:05:51,340 --> 00:05:55,719
wall street journal reports that those

139
00:05:53,200 --> 00:05:58,330
sales decreased at first they started

140
00:05:55,720 --> 00:06:00,730
rising again recently the u.s. beverage

141
00:05:58,330 --> 00:06:02,859
industry says that the Mexican tax put a

142
00:06:00,730 --> 00:06:05,230
burden on those who can least afford it

143
00:06:02,860 --> 00:06:07,510
and that it caused thousands of jobs to

144
00:06:05,230 --> 00:06:11,350
be lost in Mexico's soft drink industry

145
00:06:07,510 --> 00:06:12,730
up next science and agriculture some

146
00:06:11,350 --> 00:06:15,190
researchers are looking beyond

147
00:06:12,730 --> 00:06:17,890
pesticides beyond genetically modified

148
00:06:15,190 --> 00:06:20,260
seeds instead they're literally coding

149
00:06:17,890 --> 00:06:22,870
seeds with bacteria in the pursuit of

150
00:06:20,260 --> 00:06:25,300
growing more crops and better crops the

151
00:06:22,870 --> 00:06:27,70
process is still being tested its not

152
00:06:25,300 --> 00:06:28,750
definitively proven to work there are

153
00:06:27,70 --> 00:06:30,730
still questions about safety for

154
00:06:28,750 --> 00:06:33,430
consumers but one of the companies

155
00:06:30,730 --> 00:06:35,830
testing micro biomes believes they're

156
00:06:33,430 --> 00:06:38,80
the future of Agriculture how are we

157
00:06:35,830 --> 00:06:41,590
going to feed what is estimated to be 10

158
00:06:38,80 --> 00:06:42,820
billion people by 2050 to get there we

159
00:06:41,590 --> 00:06:45,609
need to increase our current

160
00:06:42,820 --> 00:06:47,500
productivity by about 70-percent the

161
00:06:45,610 --> 00:06:49,300
ability to achieve that with our current

162
00:06:47,500 --> 00:06:52,90
rates in genetic ain and yield

163
00:06:49,300 --> 00:06:53,890
improvements are not achievable and so

164
00:06:52,90 --> 00:06:55,179
we need to look for new ways we also

165
00:06:53,890 --> 00:06:58,539
need to do it in a way that's

166
00:06:55,180 --> 00:07:00,850
sustainable for decades innovations in

167
00:06:58,540 --> 00:07:03,700
agriculture have allowed our food supply

168
00:07:00,850 --> 00:07:07,60
to keep pace with population growth but

169
00:07:03,700 --> 00:07:09,340
at what cost the technologies that have

170
00:07:07,60 --> 00:07:10,960
given rise to the productivity

171
00:07:09,340 --> 00:07:13,780
improvements we've seen in agriculture

172
00:07:10,960 --> 00:07:16,359
are generally things like agricultural

173
00:07:13,780 --> 00:07:18,609
chemicals chemical fertilizers things

174
00:07:16,360 --> 00:07:19,780
that arguably aren't good for us and are

175
00:07:18,610 --> 00:07:22,540
good for the planet

176
00:07:19,780 --> 00:07:24,820
what if there was a better way a startup

177
00:07:22,540 --> 00:07:27,520
called indigo is attempting to create a

178
00:07:24,820 --> 00:07:29,680
more productive and more natural way to

179
00:07:27,520 --> 00:07:31,599
grow crops without the agricultural

180
00:07:29,680 --> 00:07:34,210
chemicals a method that could

181
00:07:31,600 --> 00:07:36,970
revolutionize the industry we attempt to

182
00:07:34,210 --> 00:07:39,340
solve that problem by harnessing the

183
00:07:36,970 --> 00:07:41,800
plants natural microbiome

184
00:07:39,340 --> 00:07:44,859
the microbes that evolved over millennia

185
00:07:41,800 --> 00:07:48,490
really to improve the health of plants

186
00:07:44,860 --> 00:07:51,40
what is a microbiome exactly well in

187
00:07:48,490 --> 00:07:53,110
humans the microbiome is a community of

188
00:07:51,40 --> 00:07:55,810
microorganisms that includes the

189
00:07:53,110 --> 00:07:59,50
bacteria naturally occurring in and on

190
00:07:55,810 --> 00:08:01,419
our bodies the bad bacteria but also the

191
00:07:59,50 --> 00:08:03,310
good bacteria that help with important

192
00:08:01,419 --> 00:08:05,620
functions like digestion and

193
00:08:03,310 --> 00:08:08,470
reproduction the basis of what we do at

194
00:08:05,620 --> 00:08:11,169
indigo is a realization that that same

195
00:08:08,470 --> 00:08:13,450
concept is true and plants those same

196
00:08:11,169 --> 00:08:16,630
beneficial microbes leave in and on

197
00:08:13,450 --> 00:08:19,180
plants and until recently weren't fully

198
00:08:16,630 --> 00:08:21,729
understood but rapidly developing

199
00:08:19,180 --> 00:08:24,100
technologies like gene sequencing have

200
00:08:21,729 --> 00:08:26,229
allowed scientists to realize the full

201
00:08:24,100 --> 00:08:29,530
potential of the plant microbiome

202
00:08:26,229 --> 00:08:31,780
according to indigo the microbiome could

203
00:08:29,530 --> 00:08:34,630
be the key to growing natural super

204
00:08:31,780 --> 00:08:36,400
crops we've actually tested in all

205
00:08:34,630 --> 00:08:38,710
different climate conditions and we

206
00:08:36,400 --> 00:08:40,838
consistently ca10 plus percent yield

207
00:08:38,710 --> 00:08:42,940
benefit a ten percent increase would be

208
00:08:40,839 --> 00:08:45,670
a whole decade leap forward in terms of

209
00:08:42,940 --> 00:08:47,890
productivity the innovations that we've

210
00:08:45,670 --> 00:08:49,510
had that have gotten us to now have been

211
00:08:47,890 --> 00:08:51,40
really important without those

212
00:08:49,510 --> 00:08:53,620
innovations we wouldn't have been able

213
00:08:51,40 --> 00:08:55,630
to feed the last billion people we can

214
00:08:53,620 --> 00:08:57,970
now do better and i think in the future

215
00:08:55,630 --> 00:09:00,459
of agriculture will look back and think

216
00:08:57,970 --> 00:09:02,80
about the times when we put insecticides

217
00:09:00,459 --> 00:09:03,760
on hundreds of millions of acres and

218
00:09:02,80 --> 00:09:09,160
thank you thank goodness we don't have

219
00:09:03,760 --> 00:09:10,700
to do that anymore

220
00:09:09,160 --> 00:09:13,670
ok

221
00:09:10,700 --> 00:09:15,200
officials in little rock arkansas called

222
00:09:13,670 --> 00:09:18,79
their cities Broadway bridge

223
00:09:15,200 --> 00:09:24,110
structurally deficient this is how it

224
00:09:18,80 --> 00:09:27,620
got revenge cuts to the bridge explosive

225
00:09:24,110 --> 00:09:28,760
charges and 93 years of age could not

226
00:09:27,620 --> 00:09:30,470
bring it down

227
00:09:28,760 --> 00:09:32,240
officials are working to replace the

228
00:09:30,470 --> 00:09:35,420
structure but they needed to remove it

229
00:09:32,240 --> 00:09:37,820
first it took six more attempts pulling

230
00:09:35,420 --> 00:09:40,459
the bridge with cables from to tow boats

231
00:09:37,820 --> 00:09:41,90
before the steel finally came crashing

232
00:09:40,460 --> 00:09:42,830
down

233
00:09:41,90 --> 00:09:45,140
makes you wonder why they don't make all

234
00:09:42,830 --> 00:09:47,180
bridges this tough after all its

235
00:09:45,140 --> 00:09:48,590
strength spanned decades all that time

236
00:09:47,180 --> 00:09:50,359
it could be trusted

237
00:09:48,590 --> 00:09:52,190
even though gravity was its arch enemy

238
00:09:50,360 --> 00:09:54,80
it took blast and boats to cause the

239
00:09:52,190 --> 00:09:56,180
causeway to give way and all that

240
00:09:54,80 --> 00:09:58,220
actually happened over several hours you

241
00:09:56,180 --> 00:10:04,599
just saw the abridged version

242
00:09:58,220 --> 00:10:04,600
I'm Carl azuz go back tomorrow

CNN Student News- October 13, 2016 - English Sub

  • Uploaded by: CTVViet
  • Views:
  • Share

    0 comments:

    Post a Comment

    English Sub

    Dailymotion

    Health

     
    Copyright © CTV Viet | CTV Viet | 8330 LBJ Freeway, Suite B130 Dallas, TX 75243 United States